Conversion of nitrobenzene into hydrazobenzene: 6. So, brominine subsitution should be occurred at ortho or para positions because this reaction is an electrophilic substitution reaction.. Brominum positive +1 ion forms by the reaction of FeBr 3 and Br 2.Br + is an electrophile.. Benzene ring of aniline … Nitrobenzene … (ii) Benzyl chloride to 2-phenylethanamine. Conversion of nitrobenzene into m – nitro aniline: 4. how would you achieve the following conversions i nitrobenzene to aniline ii an alkyl halide to a quaternary ammonium salt iii aniline to benzonitrile - Chemistry - | q04cw93ww The method of separation of aniline from the product of the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene containing in addition to aniline impurity nitrobenzene, water, hydrocarbons, cyclohexylamine, carbazole, toluidino, rectification in three columns selection on top of the first column of water with impurities of aniline… (i) Nitrobenzene into aniline (ii) Ethanoic acid into methanamine (iii) Aniline into N-phenylethanamide (Write the chemical equations involved) (Delhi 2014) Answer: (i) Nitrobenzene into aniline… Conversion of nitrobenzene into azoxybenzene: 5. Benzene to Nitrobenzene Benzene is nitrated by replacing one of the hydrogen atoms on the benzene ring by a … The sample is treated with benzene sulphonyl chloride, C 6 H 5 SO 2 Cl (Hinsberg’s reagent) followed by … Aniline to p-bromoaniline mechanism. (b) Method II: 3. Conversion of nitrobenzene … Benzene is a clear, colourless, highly flammable and volatile, liquid compound. Solution for Write chemical equations for the following conversions: (i) Nitrobenzene to benzoic acid. i) Nitrobenzene into aniline The three types of amines can be distinguished by Hinsberg method. (i) Aniline formation: Conversion of nitrobenzene into phenylammonium ions. Nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the chemical formula C 6 H 5 NO 2.It is a water-insoluble pale yellow oil with an almond-like odor.It freezes to give greenish-yellow crystals. We know, electrons density of ortho and para positions are higher than meta positions. P.S : (iii) Aniline… The benzene is first converted to nitrobenzene which is in turn reduced to phenylamine. It is produced on a large scale from benzene as a precursor to aniline… Then aqueous NaOH is added to the aniline salt to get released aniline. A mixture of nitrobenzene, tin and hydrochloric acid is taken in a flask attached with a reflux condenser and heated at 70 0 C for half an hour, this produces aniline. This reaction is called nitrobenzene reduction. Aniline … Nitrobenzene heated with solid KOH at 340 K gives a low yield of a mixture of 0 – and P – nitrophenols. Aniline salt is given from this reaction. Reduction of nitrobenzene is proposed to occur by a succession of two electron steps as shown below.The second step of this reaction has been proposed as a reversible reaction.