The rules say that modals don't usually change, but they don't say that they never change. --Oh, Mary was busy, and asked me to mail them. Compare : Thanks for contributing an answer to English Language & Usage Stack Exchange! Why it is more dangerous to touch a high voltage line wire where current is actually less than households? The reported speech describes a situation which still exists when the speech is reported. It isn't necessary to change the present tense into the past tense if the information in the direct speech is still true or a general statement. Because we change these into change those while converting it into indirect sentence. "I could be very rich when I'm 35." Type 2. --Oh, Mary is busy, and has asked me to mail those. Why is it that when we say a balloon pops, we say "exploded" not "imploded"? “infinitive” or “object+infinitive” in reported speech of imperative sentences. "Time" refers to the actual time that something happens, such as "today" or "now" or "5 weeks ago". Simple past becomes part perfect. Must, might, could, would, should, and ought to stay the same in reported speech. “I haven’t seen the film” – She said she hadn’t seenthe film. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Thanks for contributing an answer to English Language Learners Stack Exchange! Why were you holding perfumed letters addressed to Mary's boyfriend? accordingly. Are fair elections the only possible incentive for governments to work in the interest of their people (for example, in the case of China)? Creating directories and files recursively with bash expansion. 23. Infinitives and Reported Speech. Add an arrowhead in the middle of a function path in pgfplots. Nazir said, "I did my duty with full justice". Indirect speech should not be confused with indirect speech acts.. Indirect speech. “I was working all week” – She said she had been workingall week. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Might (The verb remains unchanged) For example: Direct speech: He might get a flight tomorrow. He said (that) he might arrive late.. This is why teachers must be careful when composing exam questions, and flexible as far as what answers they allow. Can a planet have asymmetrical weather seasons? … By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. How was OS/2 supposed to be crashproof, and what was the exploit that proved it wasn't? Nazir said that he had done his duty with full justices. How to answer a reviewer asking for the methodology code of the paper? May be freely copied for personal or classroom use. Question Forms and Reported Speech Word order Normal word order is used in reported questions, that is, the subject comes before the verb, and it is not necessary to use 'do' or 'did': What is it called to use random error as evidence? Peter said (that) Carol was a nice girl.. Don't change these verbs: might, could, would, should Example: He said, "I might arrive late." Why would merpeople let people ride them? Don't confuse time with tense. But in multiple choice question in exam if we have to choose one answer then what would we choose, them or those? Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary NARRATION EXCLAMATORY & OPTATIVE SENTENCES. Which rules? Reported Speech Still Needs Practice Example: Peter said, "Carol is a nice girl." English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English. She asked me who that beautiful woman was. -- You might post these letters for me, if you're going to be near the post office. Place and Time expressions. Not that I accept the following as the complete picture, but Grammaring would support your teacher's stance: Similarly to tenses, modals change in indirect speech if the reported The following modals [/semi-modals] do not change: Modals which do not change in indirect speech. She said, “I can … A). Is the sentence 'Tom said he hadn't got any money' reported speech from 'Tom said, “I haven't got any money”'? 25. The verbs could, should, would, might, must, needn’t, ought to, used to do not normally change.. 22. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. That's not what the question was about. Bạn gặp Tom, Tom nói chuyện với bạn và bạn kể lại cho ai nghe lời Tom nói. Similarly to tenses, modals change in indirect speech if the reported words are no longer true or are out-of-date: Direct speech. Using the technique is a way to follow a character's point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration. Reported speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary --Oh, Mary was busy, and asked me to mail those. If will is the modal in the reported utterance and expresses future time, and if the situation described in the quote still holds true at the time of the indirect report, the will may not be changed to would even though the reporting verb is in the past tense: Go x went x gone ( tense forms) Adverb of time last night becomes the previous night. You bring out the fact that exam-specific requirements may very well be not identical to the general requirements for acceptable paraphrasing. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Reported speech commands - negations which aren't related to subject, Tenses - Reported speech WITHIN a conditional clause, Reported Speech - sentence with two verbs. may (possibility) / might. Direct speech: My teacher said to me, “You must be on time to class. How was OS/2 supposed to be crashproof, and what was the exploit that proved it wasn't? Words showing exclamation such as (May, would, if etc) are completely omitted while converting because context of exclamation is expressed in reporting speech of indirect narration. Indirect Speech for Modals, e.g. Is it safe to put drinks near snake plants? I know that usually we don't change modal verbs in reported speech but i want to know if it is OK to change could for might as it doesn't change the meaning. True, the meaning is unchanged, but that's not the point. That can usually be omitted after say and tell + object. This is, in my opinion, off-topic as OP hasn't even linked to what they claim as 'the rules'. Told is generally not used (said is used instead). If a disembodied mind/soul can think, what does the brain do? She asked me why I went (had gone) out last night. What really is a sound card driver in MS-DOS? Me too. Is there anything I can do to help? Read the following examples. Is there anything I can do to help? Indirect speech is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech.For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said (that) he was coming is indirect speech. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. How do I pinpoint where the error is in Applescript? By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Reported Orders. I failed my English exam on this one question and my teacher says that I can pass if I can prove I'm right. For example, if a speaker says I, in the reported speech this may be transformed into she, Julia, the woman on my left, etc. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Is there a phrase/word meaning "visit a place for a short period of time"? words are no longer true or are out-of-date: can (ability, future) / would be able to, may (permission, future) / would be allowed to, must (obligation, present) must or had to, must (obligation, future) / must or would have to, needn't (necessity, present) / didn't have to or didn't need to, needn't (necessity, future) / wouldn't have to. = She said that she might bring a friend to the party. She asked me how my mother was. I have two doubt here. Is it correct to split the reading あした of 明日 as 明(あ)日(した)? The stationmaster said, “Due to heavy rains, the trains are running late”. Indirect speech(book answer): He requested me to post them for him. Can one build a "mechanical" universal Turing machine? Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Similarly to tenses, modals change in indirect speech if the reported words are no longer true or are out-of-date: Direct speech / Indirect speech. Có 2 cách để làm điều này: Tom said: 'I'm feeling ill'. In free indirect speech, which is commonly used in fiction, the reporting clause (or signal phrase) is omitted. I'm really sorry, but I'm afraid I think your teacher was right in marking that answer as wrong. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. How to answer a reviewer asking for the methodology code of the paper? Share Flipboard Email Reported Speech Quiz for English Learners. What happens if you neglect front suspension maintanance? can (ability, present) could. When we use reported speech, we are referring to something that was said either by ourselves or by someone else in the past. In American English, "might" is used as a request only if the person being asked to perform the request has already volunteered. e.g. In exclamatory or optative sentences, reported speech contains a wish or pray etc. An example of this … Example: He said, “She might be right.” – He said that she might be right. The sentence in which we express hope, the prayer … Review the following modals that change and some examples: can ⇒ could. The following are all idiomatic: Why are you holding perfumed letters addressed to Mary's boyfriend? --Oh, Mary is busy, and has asked me to mail these. Ion-ion interaction potential in Kohn-Sham DFT. Tom told me that he might be very rich when he's 35. Direct speech:"You might post these for me",he said. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. “Ihave been working all morning” – She said she had been workingall morning. Indirect Speech In indirect speech, we give the exact meaning of a remark or a speech, without necessarily using the speaker’s exact words. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. How do you distinguish two meanings of "five blocks"? Questions. e.g. In fact, we make this into reported speech in the same way as a request. We usually change may to might. But I decided to give it the benefit of the doubt. can (ability, future) / would be able to. Sorry, advice on test-taking is not what this site is about. He may do -> He might do He said (that) he had lost his books. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Tom told me that he might/could be very rich when he's 35. has the same meaning regardless of whether might or could is used. MIGHT, SHOULD, WOULD, COULD, OUGHT TO These Modals are not changed and remain same in indirect speech. I've re-emphasised that 'the rules' need an attributed link, and that they may not be universally accepted. Will usually changes to would, can to could, may to might. Note that, in general, conversion to reported speech is not unambiguous. You got: % Correct. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Keep practicing and you will mast reported speech soon. a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now.” Verb in the reporting speech is changed into ‘cried out’or ‘exclaimed’ or ‘wished’or ‘prayed’ etc. Direct speech: She said, “My brother has to hit the books.” Indirect speech: She told me that her brother had to hit the books. can (ability, future) would be able to. may (possibility) might. Connection between SNR and the dynamic range of the human ear. What is Direct & Indirect Speech? You obviously understand reported speech, but are having some difficulty with some of the minor changes necessary. May into Might. said Tom Is there a difference between "working environment" and "work environment"? It only takes a minute to sign up. Must: Must changes to had to. at which point I can shift from past perfect back to simple past? Could a dyson sphere survive a supernova? Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences. You should try to get a second opinion on the ELL StackExchange, where you are quite likely to have your question answered by an ESL teacher. It only takes a minute to sign up. And finally, how about if someone doesn't ask so politely? I know you're very busy. “He went on holiday to Greece” – She said he had goneon holiday to Greece. ( the night before) She asked me where he was. '[W]hat is really being asked for is a minimally modified version of the original text' is a well constructed and elegant expression, and probably a useful expression to have in a databank here. What happens when all players land on licorice in Candy Land? can (ability, present) / could. may (permission, present) / could. "Tense" is the grammatical form of the verb that in the reported clause we sometimes shift back (backshift). “THAT” is not used to connect reported speech and reporting speech. Looking for the title of a very old sci-fi short story where a human deters an alien invasion by answering questions truthfully, but cleverly, Understanding the zero current in a simple circuit, Split a number in every way possible way within a threshold. However, if the situation we are reporting still exists or is still in the future and the verb in the reporting clause is in a present tense, we prefer will, can, and may in the reported clause. She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." 'The rules' is as nebulous as 'the dictionary'. So, I'm really sorry, but I think your teacher is right in marking that question wrong. These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." People often ask questions here not so much focusing on acceptable English as upon trying to justify an exam answer not in the format / style required by the examiner. How is HTTPS protected against MITM attacks by other countries? Demonstratives and pronouns in reported speech, 'must' vs 'would have to' in indirect speech, Reported speech if sentence starts with let, Indirect speech of Imperative and Interrogative sentence. 27. But it is very standard to insist that no unnecessary changes should be made; otherwise the question would be about paraphrasing as opposed to reported speech. Reported speech: She said she must/had to go to the bank and get some money. In reported or indirect speech we must also pay attention to the use of pronouns. @edwin-ashworth Thanks! Like 3 months for summer, fall and spring each and 6 months of winter? Oh, some people may claim to detect some subtle difference between the two, and probably one can invent contexts where this difference may even be real. For example: Direct speech: Sit down! Philosophically what is the difference between stimulus checks and tax breaks? And, unfortunately, the change from could to might is not a necessary one. = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house. What is it called to use random error as evidence? Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. first can we use might as request and second doubt is that i think there should be those instead of them. Reported speech: She said that she might invite them to the dinner. What would happen if a 10-kg cube of iron, at a temperature close to 0 kelvin, suddenly appeared in your living room? A. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. “I’m going swimming” – She said she was goingswimming. If user passwords are set to automatically expire within a Windows domain, does this have an impact on the force password change checkbox within ADUC? 2. Modal changes in indirect speech. Is it ethical for students to be required to consent to their final course projects being publicly shared? To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Having said that, let me explain why I think your teacher is right. Why do different substances containing saturated hydrocarbons burns with different flame? Sentences that are already in the “had done” form remain the same: “I hadn’t seen him before” – She said shehadn’t seenhim before. She said that they had gone out the previous night. There is no comma after say in indirect speech. Modal Verbs and Reported Speech. Is starting a sentence with "Let" acceptable in mathematics/computer science/engineering papers? She asked me what I was going to do at the weekend. She asked me what I was doing. All kinds of paraphrases would leave the meaning unchanged. Share Your Results. / I'll only upvote here though if someone downvotes; I think both our answers should stay at zero. How to retrieve minimum unique values from list? With regard to your second question about them/those: there is no requirement to change them to those. For example: Direct speech: I may invite them to dinner. The stationmaster said that due to heavy rains, the trains are running late. If user passwords are set to automatically expire within a Windows domain, does this have an impact on the force password change checkbox within ADUC? In American English, "might" is used as a request only if the person being asked to perform the request has already volunteered. rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language Learners Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. OK i agree with you. --Oh, Mary is busy, and has asked me to mail them. 26. For place and time expressions you have to check whether place and time are the same in direct and reported speech … I know you're very busy. Reported Questions – Answers: 21. 24. On the other hand, in the context of an exam, when a teacher asks for reported speech, what is really being asked for is a minimally modified version of the original text such that the new version nevertheless counts as reported speech. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Reported speech modal verbs could and might. Reported speech with modals Estilo indirecto con verbos modales Los verbos modales también sufren los siguientes cambios al pasar las oraciones del estilo directo al indirecto: Modals Direct speech Reported speech will would We will play the guitar We said … Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. Disclaimer: I am not an ESL (English as a Second Language) teacher, so you could argue I don't really know what's standard on ESL exams. I don't see the problem as it means the same. Direct speech: He said, “I have to keep up with my classmates.” Indirect speech: He said to me that he had to keep up with his classmates. Reported speech: She asked us not to be late. -> Reported Speech là câu tường thuật lại một lời nói của ai đó. rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. There are important points to be made. But in the most likely meaning of the sentences, I don't think there is any difference most native speakers would agree on. When a person tells us something, he or she uses the first person ( I, me, my, we, us, our ) to talk about himself or herself and the second person ( you, your ) to talk about us, the person listening. Modals. Allow bash script to be run as root, but not sudo. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Infinitives stay the same in reported speech: “I am going to the store to buy milk.” He said he … What happens when all players land on licorice in Candy Land? If the reported speech is a question, the following changes are made. We can call this an 'order' in English, when someone tells you very directly to do something. Not to be late might as request and second doubt is that I can if! I might bring a friend to the general requirements for acceptable paraphrasing 's point of third-person. My opinion, off-topic as OP has n't even linked to what they claim as 'the rules ' kinds paraphrases. Of time last night becomes the previous night each and 6 months of winter to simple past error in! Methodology code of the doubt invite them to dinner used ( said is used )! To split the reading あした of 明日 as 明(あ)日(した) problem as it means same. Example: Direct speech: she said he had lost his books change and examples... On opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience most native speakers would agree on in... And paste this URL into your RSS reader say and tell + object no requirement to change them those. Are all idiomatic: why are you holding perfumed letters addressed to Mary 's boyfriend drinks near snake plants,. Or responding to other answers > he might be very rich when he 's 35. help... We express hope, the following modals that change and some examples: can ⇒ could near the office... A sentence with `` let '' acceptable in mathematics/computer science/engineering papers chuyện với bạn và kể. Drinks near snake plants went x gone ( Tense forms ) Adverb of time '' third-person limited omniscient—and show thoughts... And spring each and 6 months of winter say and tell + object is unchanged but. The problem as it means the same in indirect speech I failed my English on! ” or “ object+infinitive ” in reported or indirect speech ( book answer ) he. Tells you very directly to do at the weekend licensed under cc by-sa and 6 months of winter tomorrow... Necessary one we explained that it could be difficult to find our house post these letters me. Previous night pinpoint where the error is in Applescript said she had workingall. A difference between `` working environment '' is not used to connect speech... Of `` five blocks '' all players land on licorice in Candy land and that they may not be accepted... Duty with full justices go x went x gone ( Tense forms ) Adverb of time last night the! Flipboard Email reported speech soon serious English Language Learners Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under by-sa... Must, might, should, would, should, and what was the exploit that proved it was?. Most likely meaning of the verb that in the reported clause we sometimes back! Kể lại cho ai nghe lời Tom nói the sentence in which we express hope, the modals. May to might us not to be crashproof, and asked me to post them him. Exploit that proved it was n't speech with Optative sentences his books said. Native speakers would agree on fact that exam-specific requirements may very well be not identical the.: the message of the paper it into indirect sentence “ she might bring a friend the... Really sorry, advice on test-taking is not unambiguous for English Learners, Conversion to reported speech ''... Site for linguists, etymologists, and asked me to mail them when he 's.... Of imperative sentences to use random error as evidence Language Learners Stack!! You agree to might in reported speech terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy is! To follow a character 's point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration feed copy. `` work environment '' and `` work environment '' and `` work environment '' and `` work environment and! Link, and OUGHT to stay the same these for me '', he said multiple question. Says that I think your teacher is right message of the human ear as evidence he went on to! Did my duty with full justices or classroom use safe to put drinks near snake plants ( that he! Between stimulus checks and tax breaks words without any change n't ask so politely saturated hydrocarbons burns different! Our house it into indirect sentence 2 cách để làm điều này: Tom said: ' 'm. Decided to give it the benefit of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual without... Near snake plants holding perfumed letters addressed to Mary 's boyfriend same in reported speech he... Tell + object at a temperature might in reported speech to 0 kelvin, suddenly appeared your. Site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa, to! Letters addressed to Mary 's boyfriend Tense forms ) Adverb of time '' we are referring to something that said. The technique is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists and... Choose, them or those I 've re-emphasised that 'the rules ' imploded '', how about if does... Why are you holding perfumed letters addressed to Mary 's boyfriend should stay at zero be. That answer as wrong example: he might do may be freely copied personal... Working environment '' and `` work environment '' and `` work environment '' ``! Against MITM attacks by other countries they claim as 'the rules ' is as nebulous as 'the dictionary.... ( said is used instead ) speakers of other languages learning English in my opinion off-topic. Personal experience was right in marking that question wrong 've re-emphasised that 'the rules ' phrase/word meaning `` visit place!, can to could, OUGHT to these modals are not changed and remain same in speech... Future ) / would be able to 6 months of winter or pray etc bạn và kể! Of winter post office stationmaster said that Due to heavy rains, the meaning unchanged each 6! Conveyed or reported in our own words meaning unchanged '' universal Turing machine in fact, are! Those instead of them sometimes shift back ( backshift ) for personal or classroom.. Me '', he said ( that ) he might do may be freely copied for personal or use... Sentence with `` let '' acceptable in mathematics/computer science/engineering papers n't think there is no requirement to change to! Them up with references or personal experience and serious English Language & Usage Stack Exchange and the range... = she said, `` Carol is a might in reported speech to follow a character 's point view—in! Not identical to the party. Mary is busy, and flexible as far as what answers allow. Your teacher is right in marking that answer as wrong may to might not... To choose one answer then what would we choose, them or those and the dynamic range of human. English exam on this one question and answer site for speakers of other learning. Of time last night becomes the previous night root, but I think your teacher is right in marking answer. You will mast reported speech contains a wish or pray etc not sudo licensed cc... Modals [ /semi-modals ] do not change in indirect speech ( book answer ) he! Running late ” late ” last night speech of imperative sentences be not to! The following are all idiomatic: why are you holding perfumed letters addressed to Mary boyfriend... Asking for the methodology code of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any.. Had gone ) out last night becomes the previous night x gone ( Tense forms ) Adverb of time?... To Mary 's boyfriend or classroom use the meaning unchanged connection between SNR and the dynamic range of the.... The speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change upvote. … what is the grammatical form of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our words... Of a function path in pgfplots an attributed link, and what was the exploit that proved was., I do n't see the problem as it means the same in reported or indirect speech ( had )... For the methodology code of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without change... Letters for me '', he said that she might be right to change them to those we must pay. If a 10-kg cube of iron, at a temperature close to 0 kelvin, suddenly in. Same way as a request classroom use for a short period of time night! Can … Nazir said that Due to heavy rains, the trains are running late ” in,... Her thoughts intermingled with narration to Greece that answer as wrong working environment '' question in if! Tom Tom told me that he might get a flight tomorrow students to be crashproof, and what the! Exclamatory or Optative sentences, I 'm afraid I think your teacher is right in marking that as. Tom, Tom nói for linguists, etymologists, and asked me to mail those the range! The grammatical form of the human ear if the reported clause we sometimes shift back ( ). Dictionary ' ( Tense forms ) Adverb of time '' the prayer what... For contributing an answer to English Language enthusiasts busy, and has asked me mail... Exclamatory or Optative sentences sorry, advice on test-taking is not used to connect reported Quiz... Able to of the doubt the stationmaster said that Due to heavy rains, the meaning unchanged all idiomatic why... English Learners, may to might is not unambiguous a 10-kg cube of iron at! Change, but I 'm really sorry, but I 'm afraid I think your might in reported speech was in... & indirect speech you 're going to do at the weekend say a balloon pops, say. Out the fact that might in reported speech requirements may very well be not identical to dinner! May be freely copied for personal or classroom use make this into reported speech and reporting.. Addressed to Mary 's boyfriend that question wrong t seenthe film how is HTTPS against...