Dilution is not the solution to pollution! Japanese fish industry representatives on Thursday urged the government not to allow the release at sea of tonnes of contaminated water from the Fukushima nuclear plant, saying it … The workers have jobs ranging from the construction of tanks to the removal of spent fuel using remote-controlled cranes. At a regular press briefing Thursday, MOFA spokesperson Joanne Ou (歐江安) said the Japanese government has not yet made a final decision on the issue, and MOFA will seek clarification. Nevertheless, on a strict morality basis, and as importantly, for worldwide opinion purposes, banning should be honoured whether from sea or land so as not to compromise the spirit of the treaty, meaning, no radioactive waste should ever be dumped into the ocean. Photo by Emiliano Arano on Pexels.com ... 1 thought on “Fukushima Nine Years Later and Still Leaking” Pingback: Fukushima Nine Years Later and Still Leaking – TREMG. Key among the objections made by Greenpeace to the Government’s plan is that the ALPS was not designed to remove carbon-14, a hazardous radionuclide whose presence in the wastewater was only acknowledged by TEPCO in late August. Further to the point, dumping Fukushima Daiichi’s contaminated water into the ocean will likely result in the worst PR stunt ever committed by a major nation/state, the worst since human writing started 5,000 years ago. The power unit of the Fukushima plant was built on the basis of a design developed in 1960 and, therefore, the station was not ready for a crisis situation of the 21st century,” Misra said, citing the complexity of such situations. TEPCO and the Japanese government have not considered these costly resolutions at all and have maintained disposal to the sea as the only option. Why else draft the treaty in the first instance? On the wall scribbled calculations remain—the desperate attempts of technicians in a room that had been plunged into darkness to work out how to save the plant. On the one hand, advocates of dumping can be found throughout the internet, for example in articles in Forbes magazine, claiming that dumping the contaminated water in the ocean is the only reasonable answer, assuming that it will be diluted enough, especially with the majority of the remaining isotopes, tritium, relatively weak and deemed to be relatively harmless. (Photo: The damaged Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station as seen during a sea-water sampling boat journey. The extremely delicate task of removing it will not be tested at full-scale until 2021, with the end of the process not expected before 2040 or 2050 at best. Posted by dunrenard | There are varied opinions on how hazardous tritium is. https://indianexpress.com/article/world/japans-decision-to-release-fukushima-radioactive-water-into-sea-will-cause-disease-along-asian-coastal-belt-experts-7056108/, November 22, 2020 Better yet, shut down before meltdown. As discussed previously, examples of that happening in the aftermath of Chernobyl are far-reaching. No Nukes Action hosts an international panel on the Olympics, Fukushima and the Madness. But, before then, atomic bomb tests and radioactive waste were contaminating the sea — the effects are still being felt today. Robert Hunziker: According to numerous sources, dumping Fukushima Daiichi’s radioactive water into the Pacific Ocean will start in 2022 and continue for decades. ?Yudhyavir Singh said. The International Atomic Energy Agency says those options are both viable, but local fishermen and farmers are strongly opposed, worried about the effects on their livelihoods. On February 4, 2020, Japanese authorities held a meeting with embassy officials where they tried to convince the latter of the advantages of the plan to release radioactive water from storage facilities at Fukushima. No tritium exceeding natural levels was detected in the air and precipitation around the FDNPP during the study period (2013–2019). Fukushima 2020 | Fukushima Daiichi, Radioactive Water, Robert Hunziker, Sea release | Japan's new Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga is to dump over 1.2 million tons of radioactive Fukushima water into the ocean as a way to reduce the costs of … However, insisting that “discharge” is different from “disposal”, the Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC) has tried to approve dumping into the ocean without consensus. Greenpeace claimed the water could change human DNA if consumed. We are frequently in contact and cooperating with the South Korean government,” he said.Environmental groups and activists, such as Greenpeace, have voiced concerns over unknown long-term effects of releasing the treated water and called for further examination.The Tokyo Electric Power Corp., which operates the plant, says the water will be treated enough to remove all radioactive material before its release except for tritium, an element that it says is largely harmless.Such a disposal method is also a common standard of practice already employed by other countries, according to Japanese officials. GENSUIKIN would like to do our best in having the government abandon the disposal. The balance of 400 tons, containing high concentrations of Stronium-90 (a deadly isotope) and tritium is pumped to a massive storage tank farm. (see supplementary data). A surface water concentration of 3H at 184 (± 2) Bq/L was detected in rice paddy fields at 1.5 km from the FDNPP plant12. This is great.’ It is a major step toward my long-held, earnest desire for nuclear weapons to be banned, and eliminated,” he said. In late October, the Japanese government were preparing to approve a plan to begin discharging the contaminated water into the sea, starting in 2022 and continuing for decades. He believes forest preservation will one day help to ensure evacuated residents can return. Posted by dunrenard | How do you respond to this? Some of its most prized pine trees, more than 50 years old, have died. 1 nuclear power plant in 2019. Robert Hunziker: It is a direct consequence of the 2011 meltdown. The council has also conducted tests to monitor the level of tritium in Taiwan’s surrounding waters and found that current levels are normal, it said. Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of the nuclear power plant site after the accident. Post by @RedEyeMediaGrp. The route to the rooms involves stepping over detritus from the disaster and squeezing along improvised staircases. The movement of groundwater may be impacted by the removal of the water from the wells. Sputnik: According to a report given to the IAEA by Japan, analysis by the power company of sea and groundwater shows “confirm that the radiation level of sampled water is substantially below the operational targets set by TEPCO”. "Everyone told us that it would be very complicated, given the length of perimetre we needed to freeze," an engineer from plant operator TEPCO said. That is not an overstatement. The ground water bypass system has 12 wells (No.1 to No.12)20, and the highest concentration of radioactivity was in No. This also suggests that the water originated from FDNPP site24. One such option is to use technology such as “Grease Solidification”, first implemented at the Savannah River Site Disposal Facility in the U.S., which solidifies highly tritium-contaminated water to be buried. By 2008, in Belarus alone, 40,049 “liquidators” Chernobyl cleanup workers registered cancer illnesses. Pumps are also used to reduce the amount of water that comes into the plant, but rain and water used to cool the reactors continues to generate 170 cubic metres (170,000 litres) of highly radioactive liquid a day. Given the problems Futaba still faces, many evacuees are chafing over the government’s efforts to showcase the town as a shining example of Fukushima’s reconstruction for the 2020 … (Photo courtesy of Gensuikin.). In the case of the London Convention (Japan is a signatory) it does include a special provision banning radioactive waste, but the stated “ban at dumping at sea” covers dumping from “vessels, aircraft, and other manmade structures at sea”. Akimoto Kimio, the head of the Futaba district forestry cooperative. (Yonhap), http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20201120000596. The fact that tritium has been continuously detected in groundwater from the bypass installed upstream of FDNPP even after the completion of the water barrier (frozen wall) does not mean that tritium in the groundwater flows to the sea. TEPCO must not force the disposal.Â. On March 11, 2011, during the Great East Japan Earthquake, four of six nuclear reactors operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) had core meltdowns caused by loss of cooling power. The 3H exceeded the expected natural level (up to 7.8 TU(1 TU = 0.118 Bq/L), 0.92 Bq/L) of 3H, thus it is assumed that the 3H originated from FDNPP. But it's running out of room —and time. 3. Tsai Ya-ying (蔡雅瀅), a lawyer affiliated with the Wild at Heart Legal Defense Association in Taiwan, said at the rally that releasing “contaminated” water from the disabled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power would pose a risk to humans who might eat the many marine species that migrate in the warm current between Taiwan and Japan. Additionally, groundwater flows into and out of the basements of the reactor buildings from which some contaminated water leaks out into the soil and surrounding groundwater beyond the facilities. Japan’s decision to release radioactive contaminated water from its wrecked nuclear plant in Fukushima into the sea by 2022 has led to alarm bells ringing in India with experts warning it would set a wrong precedent and impact aquatic and human life along coastal belts of several parts of the world. Therefore, alternative arrangements may be debated globally,” A K Singh, director general of health science at the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO), told PTI. Your opinions are important to us. A report released by Greenpeace in October – Stemming the Tide 2020: The reality of the Fukushima radioactive water crisis – argues that the ALPS is flawed, and many of the dangers presented by this wastewater are being ignored. The Japanese PM Suga is still saying the Olympics will go ahead regardless of the Covid-19 worldwide pandemic and the continuing threat of the broken and leaking nuclear plants in Fukushima. https://sputniknews.com/analysis/202011101081117097-brutal-truth-fukushimas-radioactive-water-threatens-life-worldwide-warns-environmental-journo/?fbclid=IwAR006CaM_AuyEnqXiip31zBFRnzyP6HDQYWpBz8btTYJa1P0oQa0-_hbkcs, November 15, 2020 Fukushima 2020 | Fukushima Daiichi, Indian experts, Radioactive Water, Sea release | The Science, ICT, Broadcasting and Communications Committee of the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea has already passed a resolution requesting that the Japanese government  establish safer measures when processing the contaminated water. Fukushima 2020 | Fukushima Daiichi, Radioactive Water, Sea release | 2016). They choose only disposal into the sea as it is the easiest and cheapest measure. It was not possible to determine from these data whether tritium-contaminated groundwater was still being released as tritium had already spread before the completion of the several barriers. Isn’t it possible that the level of radioactive discharge being released will simply be diluted by the ocean and won’t dangerously contaminate sea life and the food chain? For example, article 207 and article 213 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea; [ ] article 1 and article 4 of the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter of 1972; and article 4 of the 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972(London Protocol: LP). As we explain above, there are many problems about the disposal of contaminated water into the Pacific Ocean. But land [see picture] immediately adjacent to their property is EMPTY and too radioactive to be sold. http://www.arirang.co.kr/News/News_View.asp?nseq=268158, A top-ranking official at the Japanese Embassy in South Korea on Friday mentioned Japan’s plan to release contaminated water that was used to cool the the first nuclear power plant in Fukushima in an interview with South Korean journalists, saying, “It is too early to affirm the plan but it may be specified within this year. The Japanese government justifies dumping the radioactive water into the ocean on the following grounds: However, many scientists claim tritium, as well as other radionuclides, will never be completely removed from the water in storage tanks, certainly not enough to satisfy the scrutiny of critics. It said it will keep in contact with Japan to obtain necessary information. The officials say an analysis of image processing shows the first blast damaged the fourth floor. TEPCO promises it will conduct secondary processing to lower the amount of radioactive substances to below standard level, but has yet to keep its promise; thus the disposal of the contaminated water is still a dangerous act. 12 is the southernmost well, but unlike No. It is very probable that the discharge will not be effectively diluted in ocean water. Contaminated water leaks out of the reactor coolant systems and into buildings that house the reactors and turbines on a daily basis. November 22, 2020. Hastily scribbled notes documenting communications between emergency officials monitoring the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant as the disaster unfolded on March 11, 2011 are still in place on chalkboards and Abe made the "under control," declaration in September 2013 while Tokyo was bidding to win the 2020 Summer Games. Leave a comment, Shaun Burnie, of Greenpeace, discusses the Fukushima radioactive water problem and the impacts of the nuclear power industry on the environment and people. The radioactivity of the water was at least one eighth. Officially, there are two main options for the water: evaporation into the air or discharging it into the sea. As it happens, radiation takes its merry ole time blasting, destroying, and/or altering human cell structure before it shows up as chronic illness or death. Fukushima 2020 | Fukushima Daiichi, Radioactive Water, Sea release, Taiwan | ), A panel of experts advised TEPCO that dumping it into the ocean is the most “realistic option.” (Experts are readily available for anything and everything. Robert Hunziker: Since 2011, TEPCO (Tokyo Electric Power Company) has managed to control most of  the flow of radioactive contaminated water, but an indeterminate amount spews into the ocean on a daily basis. The current Japanese government still has faith in nuclear power and wishes to increase the amount of energy produced by NPPs by 20-22% before 2030. part may be reproduced without the written permission. Thus, the most direct straightforward answer to the question is: Yes, TEPCO has been dumping radioactive water into the Pacific Ocean but not as an organised plan of action, not intentionally. 11 wells, the tritium levels tended to decrease monotonically from a peak in April 201421. But issues still … The brutal truth is that dangerous radionuclides, like strontium-90 and iodine-129, will most likely not be completely removed, contrary to claims by TEPCO. “It’s regrettable. Therefore, it was estimated that the tritium in the groundwater from the flowing-well had an age of nearly 40 years. Leave a comment. The 800 tons is thereafter desalinated and filtered, as much as possible, to remove radioactive caesium. ), The IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) approves it. A key aspect of this study is that the water examined was groundwater, not surface water. Each day between 4,000 and 5,000 workers pass through the Fukushima Daiichi plant, most of them employees or subcontractors of TEPCO. This issue was brought up in Taiwan on Monday by Legislator Wu Szu-yao (吳思瑤) from the ruling Democratic Progressive Party, who asked the Atomic Energy Council to come up with contingency plans. Moreover, it takes years and years for the damage of radioactivity to show up in human bodies. Read more Stricken Fukushima plant’s dangerous atomic fuel being pulled from site after 8 years Robert Hunziker: That is questionable. These are deadly isotopes. No. Moreover, Belarus had 99,693 cleanup workers, which equals another 1,732 deaths, once again, not 31 or 50 deaths. Many of the children are hidden away deep in the forested countryside in orphanages in Belarus. David McNeill reports from Soma City More than 70 percent of the prefecture is covered with trees, but large areas have been abandoned or neglected. Another option is to evaporate the wastewater into the air, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency. Akimoto has worked hard to keep it afloat, negotiating with the central government and plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Company on decontamination work and compensation. Robert Hunziker: Of course they have alternatives to nuclear power, as do most countries of the world. Head of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s department of safeguard Massimo Aparo waves his hand as he walks into the conference hall in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’s building in Seoul, Tuesday. Deposition of the radioactive elements on the rocks has also to be seen,? Buesseler's research has also shown that Fukushima is still leaking radioactive material into the ocean in Japan, with the levels off the Japanese coast between 10 to 100 times higher than the levels off the US West Coast today. The amount of water removed from the wells has been changed in a timely manner in order to maintain appropriate groundwater level. Based on our results, sea side and land side tritium leakage monitoring systems should be strengthened. As 2020 is the year the Olympics and Paralympics come to Japan, this is an exciting time for sports and for the people of Japan. Whether the Japanese government is forced to abandon the disposal depends on opposition from public opinion. Since then, Japan has been trying to find a way of disposing of the water that was used to cool the power plant and which has been increasing in volume due to rainwater seeping into the structure, according to international news reports. A purification system is treating the water, known as the Advanced Liquid Processing System (ALPS), and the filtering process therein is said to remove around 62 radioactive contaminants, according to an October report in NewScientist. In order to evaluate the absolute amount of tritium contained in well water, information such as flow rate would be required, but TEPCO has not disclosed flow rates publicly. Opposition has come from fishing and farming groups in the area, neighbouring countries, and environmental groups. “MOFA is also concerned about the issue, as the maritime environment, ecological conservation, and health of our citizens may be at risk,” Ou said, https://focustaiwan.tw/society/202011190015, November 22, 2020 “A 2013 report predicts that for populations living in the most affected areas there is a 70 per cent higher risk of developing thyroid cancer for girls exposed as infants, a 7 per cent higher of leukemia in males exposed as infants, a 6 per cent higher risk of breast cancer in women and 4 per cent higher risk, overall, of developing solid cancers for females,” Misra told PTI. However, isn’t that like letting the fox into the hen house to check security and safety? Astonishingly, to remove the contaminated water, the Japanese government and TEPCO plan to dispose of it by dumping it into the Pacific Ocean. If Tokyo makes an official announcement to release contaminated water, it will serve as the first trigger for dispute between the two neighboring nations since the inauguration of the Suga administration. (That is speculation and most likely not entirely true. Those entering the control rooms must wear clothing designated for the "yellow zone"—protective suit, three pairs of gloves, three pairs of socks, boots, a full face mask and a helmet. The forestry cooperative ships timber and manages maintenance, such as thinning out trees. It plans to draw up a report as early as next month. (Source: Shaun Burnie, senior nuclear specialist for Greenpeace). The Fukushima Prefectural Federation of Fisheries Co-operative Associations made a request to TEPCO, stating that: “After the processing of radioactive contaminated water by ALPS, TEPCO is responsible for holding it in tanks in the nuclear power plant sites and must not dispose of the water into the sea without consent from fisheries and Japanese people”. As much as 400 tons per day was gushing in just a couple of years ago. Posted by dunrenard | Friday, 17 January 2020 TEPCO says new leak has spilt 20,000 litres of radioactive coolant at the stricken Fukushima Nuclear Plant: It is now almost 7 years since Prime Minister Shinzo Abe declared everything is "under control," Fukushima 2020 | Fukushima Daiichi, IAEA, Radioactive Water, Sea release, South Korea | “We will help lay the groundwork to ensure residents can return worry-free. Last August Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) for the first time requested international help in its increasingly desperate fight to contain the leaks at the crippled nuclear plant. After the accident, 1.2 million tonnes of radioactive contaminated water released from the reactors in over 1,000 tanks were kept in a cordoned off large area near the Fukushima plant. They also studied the only footage of the No.3 reactor in the explosion, which was captured by a TV station in Fukushima Prefecture. Most were in the gaseous state, released primarily through the atmosphere to the land of eastern Japan and to the north-west Pacific Ocean. Unprecedented, no as nuclear bomb testing released more decades ago Even if Fukushima is leaking 400 tons of water daily, since the radioactive material is diluted in the 400 tons of water (its not 400 tons of radioactive isotopes, it Also the half-life of tritium is 12 years,” he told PTI. Radioactive isotopes simply do not go away until decay sets in for years and sometimes decades and sometimes centuries. But after nine years and eight months, it returned to Tomioka on November 4. The tritium beta energy is low (max 18.6 keV), and requires large quantities to deliver significant radiation doses, so that the measurement of other nuclear species was prioritized when considering human protection immediately following the accident. Posted by dunrenard | The plant suffered meltdowns from the accident. Citing studies from the World Health Organisation, M C Misra, former director of AIIMS, Delhi, said an increase for specific cancers for certain subsets of the population inside the Fukushima Prefecture is very likely. Leave a comment. “Tritium is a beta emitter with low energy so causes damage to the DNA leading to genetic damage and affecting reproductions.” It will depend upon the radioisotopes contaminants in the water. I didn’t even imagine things were so bad,” says forester Akimoto Kimio, who visited a plantation in Tomioka, about 10 kilometers away from the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Cumulate 3H yields in the reactors at FDNPP have been estimated to range from 0.01% to 0.0108%6,7. More to the point, they’ve gotten along just fine since 2011, almost a full decade, without nuclear power, other than a recent startup of a plant or two. Japan’s nuclear regulator has maintained its view that multiple blasts occurred at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant’s No.3 reactor following the earthquake and tsunami in 2011. But if this approach is rejected, alternative disposal plans comprise evaporating the wastewater into the air, or expanding the existing storage capacity and continuing to store the water either on land or underground. In contrast, Olympic sites in Northern Japan near Fukushima contained an average of about twice as much radioactivity as Tokyo, with Plutonium identified at the J-Village National Training Center. Contaminated water may still be leaking from FDNPP site even after the barrier was completed23. We expect to release the water around summer 2022.” “The levels of radioactive substances at the time of release will meet regulatory standards,” he said.The remarks seemingly intend to bring the issue to the surface with the aim of alleviating a backlash from South Korea. It’s why Japan experiences 1,500 earthquakes per year, proving the validity of the saying, “think before you design/build”. Therefore, data on tritium in the environment after the FDNPP accident are still limited in Japan2,3. 4. Figure 2 shows the radioactivity of tritium in groundwater flowing through this bypass from June 2014 to June 2019. Of the 800 tons, 400 tons/day is pumped back to cool the reactors and is contaminated once again. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no But such a plan has sparked strong opposition and worries among the public in both South Korea and Japan.“We will disclose all information if you’re interested in monitoring,” an official from the Japanese Embassy in Seoul said on condition of anonymity during a media briefing when asked if Tokyo is willing to verify the treatment process and share related data with Seoul.Exactly how the monitoring will be carried out and shared with other countries has yet to be decided, but Tokyo intends to do it through consultations with neighboring countries, the official said.“We are fully aware of the South Korean government’s policy and will faithfully respond to that.”He added, though, that the actual monitoring, if decided, likely won’t take place until 2022 when the disposal process would begin in earnest.Japan was expected to finalize the decision late last month but put off the announcement apparently due to strong opposition from the local fisheries industry.Seoul has repeatedly called for Tokyo to provide concrete explanations as to how it will deal with the radioactive water and transparently share information related to the disposal plan.Regarding the disclosure of related information, the embassy official stressed that the Japanese government will continue efforts to provide details so as to help dispel worries and fear harbored by South Koreans.“We have had various occasions where we heard the opinions of many countries, including South Korea … and we’ll continue to do so. Forests affected by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. Given the problems Futaba still faces, many evacuees are chafing over the government’s efforts to showcase the town as a shining example of Fukushima’s reconstruction for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. 2. Groundwater was continuously collected from the end of 2013 to 2019, with an average tritium concentration of approximately 20 Bq/L. Posted by dunrenard | By Julian Ryall Tokyo 31 March 2020 • 11:39am The sandbags were due to be removed Work to decommission and decontaminate Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant is … “In 2022, the site around the Fukushima power plants will be filled up with storage tanks where contaminated water is kept. As rain and groundwater continue to pour into the site – at a rate of 180m3 per day in 2019 – the volume of contaminated water is expected to reach 1.37 million tonnes by the end of 2020. The latter option carries the risk of tank leakage, especially in an area where earthquake risk is high. 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