Useful. Just want to be able to support what I read with actual Bible truth. THE ROLE OF THE DEACON IN THE ANGLICAN CHURCH. In the USA, Canada and the UK most bishops would want at least a bachelor’s degree, if not a full Mdiv (or something equivalent). The bishop acts as the representative of the local church (diocese) to the other local churches and to the global churches. The bishop is a type of priest. The deacon is not. The title deacon comes from the Greek word diakonia meaning “servant.” A deacon has a special attachment to the bishop in the tasks of service and is configured to Christ, the Deacon… The role of the deacon was established fairly early the history of the Christian Church when it became apparent that there was a particular need for a ministry that would  focus on caring for the poor, the sick, the marginalized, and the lonely.  Although some of the specific aspects of the diaconate have evolved and changed over time, caring for those who are often seen as being on the fringes of society has remained. THE  ROLE  OF THE DEACON IN THE ANGLICAN CHURCH. In the ancient church the presbyter was the Christian leader in whose home local worship was conducted, and as such he would likely have presided over the celebration of the main Christian act of worship—Holy Communion. 5:17; Jas. First, you mention different levels of authority within the Holy Orders, however for the deaconate there is no “authority” claimed, only functions and privileges. There are four primary tasks that the deacon traditionally performs during the Eucharist:  reading the Gospel, laying the table (altar), leading the Lord’s Prayer, and giving the dismissal.  Occasionally, the deacon will also give the homily.  Typically, this will focus on the needs of the secular world so that issues like social justice or the environment will be brought to the attention of the Church with the intent of leading the people to some form of action. What is the difference between Deacon and Priest? Mainly between the difference of a Bishop and a Priest. Every bishop and priest is first ordained as a deacon, reminding us that priestly ministry is rooted in service. We’ve spread around the world. I want to edify. Simple enough. Thank you for your encouraging words pastor. From my Anglican days I would understand that a priest who is a curate, that is, has the cure ofd souls in a parish, is a pastor. So, what is the difference between a minister of the lay order and a minister of one of the Holy Orders? Today, the Deacon is the first order of the ordained ministry, and every priest and bishop is firstly a deacon. Priests are assistants to the bishop while deacons are servants of the church and the bishops (or … Some say the priest is simply assuring the people of what God has done in Christ. A pastor—or shepherd, in the biblical language—is one who leads the sheep. Namely give all sorts of blessings. During our years in the Middle East, the answer was simple: the local bishop doesn’t ordain foreigners. Anglican Christianity goes back to the 2nd Century, an independent Church of England is only 500 years old, and the Anglican Communion is only 150 years old. A deacon might also wear a … We find a few more details in a newer catechism, that of the Anglican Church in North America: Through prayer and the laying on of the bishop’s hands, ordination consecrates, authorizes, and empowers persons called to serve Christ and his Church in the ministry of Word and Sacrament. There are three Orders in the Church: the Order of Bishop, Priest, and Deacon. In the evangelical world, the main title is pastor. Really well thought through and expressed, Duane. I understand this to mean that these people are set apart to live of exemplary rectitude and holiness. In the Anglican church, we view ordination as a sacramental act. The title is usually reserved for the ordained ministers, but there are exceptions. Very balanced given much confusion in the ACNA. What is most likely is that different local churches had different practices. Historically, there have been many orders in the church, and not all required ordination. But what we aspire to is something unreachable more often than not, but in the aspiration itself there is grace and failure and mercy and sin—all at once. There are several provinces of the Communion that have to some degree strayed from biblical, traditional Anglicanism. Best wishes. The deacon will set the Lord’s table and clear it. I realize that there is probably some amount (probably a good deal) of theological education that goes into receiving Holy Orders, but is a Bachelor’s degree and/or Master’s degree required across the board? Others are called most strongly to remain as deacons. I originally trained with and spent 17yrs as a Pastor with Assemblies of God in the UK. A person who is a priest has to be previously being ordained as a deacon and has to continue with the responsibilities of being a deacon even after he has been promoted as a priest. What does that mean to Anglicans? Please feel free to share far and wide. In the Anglican liturgy, a deacon or lay person can pronounce the blessings saying something like, “May the Lord bless us and keep us,” but the priest has authority to bless the people of God directly: “May the Lord bless you and keep you.”. I recently learned that in the Roman Church a deacon can do a good bit more than Anglicans. It does not mean leading a discussion group. I have tried to summarize, in general, how Anglicans understand the concepts, which we believe to be biblical, even if not explicitly stated in the Bible. As to the words that you think are misspelled, are you paying attention to the fact that the article has several words that are not in English to begin with, but Greek words written with Latin letters? They were saying, “You are engaging in apostolic ministry here! However I am very interested in having a further understanding because I know there is plenty more to learn and understand! It is hard to imagine this happening so rapidly and universally if the practice had not been strongly endorsed by the Apostles themselves. Where does this come from?? Priests (presbuteroi) are also known as “presbyters” or “elders.” In fact, the English term “priest” is simply a contraction of the Greek word presbuteros. So in those places there are often non-accredited church-based training programs that are non0residential and much more affordable than a seminary or university education. To make a donation, which will enable those ordained, and others like them, to enrich their ministries with study and continuing … LOAD OF OLD CODSWALLOP DUANE……..no such thing as the Anglican Church in the 2nd Century??!! ), But let us explore the question of authority…. In the Episcopal Church a deacon exercises "a special ministry of servanthood" directly under the deacon's bishop, serving all people and especially those in need (BCP, p. 543). That approach—the church-based training—is becoming more common in the West as well, as fewer clergy can look forward to a full-time salary from a parish upon graduating. 1.A priest is the second highest of the Holy Orders of the Roman Catholic, Eastern and Orthodox Christian churches while a deacon is the third of the Holy Orders. The catechism of the Spanish Episcopal Church (Anglican Communion), of which I am a presbyter, proposes: Ordination is the service whereby, through the prayer and imposition hands, our Lord Jesus Christ bestows the grace of the Holy Spirit and authority to those who are made bishops, presbyters and deacons. He may baptize when required to do so. I think Anglicanism wonderfully allows for a broad usage of pastoral roles (men and women alike), while still retaining historic and distinct Holy Orders. There are two types of Deacons. But by the middle of the 2nd century the catholic recognition of three Holy Orders—deacon, presbyter, bishop—was universal. Second, there is a question of authority. By that time, I had reflected a great deal on the main question of this article: what is the Anglican priesthood? A Priest is someone that can;t get married and performs mass and the holy scarments of the church. Everything in the New Testament grows out of the core that is the Old Testament. a member of the clergy who has been commissioned to preside at gatherings around the Lord’s Table (the Holy Communion), and to extend assurance of God’s forgiveness to those who truly repent of their sins. The defining charism of the order of deacon is that of service, reflecting the servanthood of Christ “who came, not to be served, but to serve”. Great conversation! In ordination, God confirms the gifts and calling of the candidates, conveys the gift of the Holy Spirit for the office and work of bishop, priest or deacon, and sets them apart to act on behalf of the Church and in the name of Christ. This is true whether he’s a permanent deacon, or a seminarian who’s preparing eventually to be ordained a priest (known as a transitional deacon). Please keep me in your prayers. We’re present in nearly every country on the map. The Anglican Diocese of Melbourne is committed to the ordination of men and women to all orders of ministry – deacons, priests and bishops. The origins of this structure is the early Church. There are two types of deacons in our tradition.  Transitional deacons are in the process of becoming priests, and their diaconal time serving the Church and community is intended to help with their formation as priests.  Vocational deacons, on the other hand, have a calling to permanently remain in a diaconal role.  As such, they often have a “dual career”, earning their living in the secular world while also working within the Church in a voluntary capacity, 10035 103 StreetEdmonton, AB T5J 0X5phone: (780) 428-6323fax: (780) 428-6331 In 1 Timothy we find that the main difference between the bishop and the deacon is that the former has the authority to teach. Posted by 1 year ago. Offering. The churches of the Anglican Communion maintain the historical episcopate, which ordains clergy into the three orders of deacon, priest and bishop. A lay chaplain at a hospital or prison could be addressed as pastor and no one would object. There are many Anglican communities who carry forth the historic doctrine without being officially recognized by the Communion. It really is a local decision. 1. • Priest observes celibacy whereas a deacon can be a married man. The deacon has the honor of reading the gospel during the service and assisting whoever is presiding over Holy Communion. It does not mean sharing one’s testimony. • Priest and deacon are two of the three holy orders in the Christian clergy that is ordained. Anglican catechisms have different—and not entirely clear—things to say about it. The Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Catholic, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern orthodox, Anglican, Assyrian, Old Catholic, independent and Lutheran churches have three sacred orders relating to the management of certain persons for the ministry. You seem like you want to fight. Fifteen Deacons have been ordained Priests of the Anglican Diocese of Awka by the Archbishop Ecclesiastical Province Of The Niger, Most Reverend Alexander Ibezim. What is authority? You’re thinking of sacramental theology, I suspect. Ordained ministries include Deacons, Priests, and Bishops. Archived. • Priest can hear confessions whereas a deacon cannot do so. In the Anglican liturgy, a deacon or lay person can pronounce the blessings saying something like, “May the Lord bless us and keep us,” but the priest has authority to bless the people of God directly: “May the Lord bless you and keep you.” C is for consecration (at Communion). In a church context the word “minister”, used as a noun, refers to a clergyperson. If the latter, he must be married before being ordained a deacon. I think I have to disagree that an Anglican priest is any different ontologically than a Roman or Orthodox priest. Becoming a deacon isn’t comparable to … Regarding the difference between a priest and a bishop, I have not argued that it is clearly stated in the Bible. Thank you. Deacons, priests, and bishops have different levels/realms of authority. thank you. Priests, sometimes called presbyters, are members of clergy who have the primary pastoral and leadership responsibilities in Anglican congregations. Those called to priesthood spend an initial period of time in ordained ministry as deacons before becoming priests. The theological import of the title ‘pastor’—a profoundly biblical one—is related to the work of that pastor in leading, feeding, and protecting the sheep. Teaching here means authoritative delineation of the timeless doctrine of the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. Thank you for a very helpful article. Ive now been (almost) through the discernment process with the CofE (long story) and will hopefully be heading to a BAP soon. There are 215 deacons actively ministering in Sydney Diocese and they make up 36 percent of all clergy appointments. Permanent deacons are men ordained to an office in the Catholic Church who normally have no intention or desire of becoming priests. We would assume that most if not all clergy have this gift (although I have met some who clearly do not), but one can be gifted as a pastor and not be Ordained for clerical orders. Sure, the English Reformation went through a presbyterian phase, but corrective courses moved the English Church in a decidedly more Catholic direction, including the understanding of the priesthood. bishops). If you are asking how the Anglican priesthood is different from the Aaronic priesthood, there are plenty of answers: the former is not hereditary, it does not involve sacrificing animals, it does not involve burnt offerings, worship is to centralized in any one place and so on. The present Church always has some mess or another. Thank you! Archdeacon is a derived term of deacon. I’d like to point out one area for further clarification, and also one comment if I may. In the Anglican Communion, generally speaking, anyone who has been ordained to one of the three orders of deacon, priest or bishop is a “minister” although it is most commonly used to refer to one who is a priest … This, I think, is what people meant when they said I was already doing the work of a priest. A deacon assists the presbyter or bishop in their work. While any baptized Christian can baptize another Christian, it is not uncommon for deacons to baptize new Christians. A lay minister who leads the people in morning prayer at a small rural parish that has no funds for a priest might be addressed as a pastor. 123. Without going too deep, it means that when someone with authority does something, people won’t question it. 10. This article was written for evangelicals who are considering the Anglican way. We have a theology of the priesthood—but whatever Anglican Holy Orders are, they are not Roman Catholic Holy Orders. The office of the deacon (a Greek word for “servant”) in the ancient church was immensely important, as they were in charge of distributing the alms of the church among the virgins, widows and poor and, in some places, being entrusted with the collection scrolls and/or codices that were the only collection of the Holy Scriptures of the local church. (see article) The deacon is the cup-bearer and the table-setter for the Lord's Supper. Deacons help organize other areas of the ministry, and help bishops and priests carry out their own duties. Each priest was previously an ordained deacon, and as a new priest assumes the role of leading and teaching a congregation and the surrounding community. New churches led by deacons have also been planted in extra-parochial contexts such as Anglican schools. Distinctive Deacons in Exeter belong to the College of St Philip the Deacon. I think you’re reading something into the article that I don’t say, namely the word ‘ontological’. Consider Missional Formation Coaching, Reformation Anglicanism, Volume 1 (A Review), 12 Challenges of the Christmas Eve Service, How Anglicanism Saved Me from “Following My Heart”, Converted to the Love That Has Visited Us: Reflecting on Saint Oscar Romero’s Christmas Eve Homily. It’s a work in progress…. Deacons take part in the liturgy of the church as well as serving in ministries at the intersection of church and world. I know some of you are thinking about receiving Anglican Orders. It does not even mean preaching a sermon. That overlaps significantly with the ministries of those in Holy Orders, but not entirely. The bishop is first and foremost a priest, and only then a bishop. He is a priest with a particular vocation to be a pastor of pastors. A priest can celebrate the Mass and all Sacraments except the Holy Orders while a deacon cannot perform any of the sacraments, but they can preside over services that do not involve the celebration of the Mass. The Church of England recognises three orders of ordained ministry: bishop, priest and deacon. Anglicans have traditionally claimed that they have no Orders of their own but only the Orders of the One, Holy,Catholic and Apostolic Church – hence they recognise RC priests and do no re-ordain them. Here we have two more things to note about Holy Orders: first, they are set apart. I only say this because I’m trying to understand where in the New Testament does it show the application of pursuing a road to becoming a Priest without it being something of the Old Testament core. Anglicans have different opinions on this one. He can be single or married. A Transitional Deacon is on who in in the process of becoming a Priest. 5:14–15). Confirmation is another type of laying on of hands, so that the baptized Christian may make a profession of faith that is personal and voluntary. Deacons pass announcements to the congregation and dismiss the assembly after the service. In much of the world it is not financially feasible to expect for such a level of education. However, liturgically, deacons usually wear a stole over their left shoulder and fastened on the right side of their waist. As Anglicans, we view the Diaconate as one of the three orders of ministry along with the Presbyterate (i.e. Deacons serv… The catechism of the Spanish Episcopal Church (Anglican Communion), a newer catechism, that of the Anglican Church in North America, The 1662 Book of Common Prayer: The One Prayer Book Every Rookie Anglican Needs. Other five Ordinands were ordained Deacons during the advent ordination service held … Now, it is not clear whether the New Testament clearly differentiates between the office of the overseer/bishop and the elder/presbyter. This is worn both over the surplice and the alb. There were also a few things I found misspelled, some of those words when looked up to get a further understanding in concordance just wasn’t what is being said. The other type of Deacon is a Vocational Deacon. Speaking personally, I would say Holy Orders are a continuation of apostolic ministry. I am an Englishman in Thailand and seeking a sure path. Really good article Duane! Lay ministers and/or deacons can, when authorized, distribute the bread and wine at Holy Communion. Archdeacon is a derived term of deacon. If you read this, if you love it, if you are attracted to it, then talk to a local bishop (or two or three) and explore the possibility of a new journey. You are evangelizing and discipling and equipping people for ministry.”. We have different goals here. It is his general duty to do such pastoral work as is entrusted to him. Which Prayer Book should I buy? What grace does God give in ordination? email:admin@allsaintscathedral.com, © All Saints' Anglican Cathedral, Edmonton, Alberta. Interestingly, in the Latin translation of the 1549 BCP, “priest” is translated “sacerdos”, as is in the Latin translation of the successive books. Roman Catholics would go so far as to say the priest (but not the deacon) is acting in the place of Christ, as a representation of Christ. But don’t focus on the present mess. But we’re riven by doctrinal disagreements on Scripture, human sexuality, marriage and the sacramental rite of holy matrimony. Some priests do not have charge of parishes — those in religious/monastic communities, for example, or ones whose work is primarily academic. If his wife dies before him, he may be ordained a priest … Consider the biblical and apostolic foundation. The Greek word is ‘episcopos’ and our English word bishop is—surprise—a corruption of that word: episcopos —> biscop —> bishop. A deacon assists the priest under whom he serves, in leading the worship of the people, especially in the administration of the Holy Communion. For that audience, and not being concerned with the Latin question of sacramental validity here, I think that what I said it generally quite accurate. I also think Anglican priests do stand at the altar “in persona Christi” in addition to “in persona ecclesiae”. The ordained minister has an authority to ‘act on behalf of the Church’ and represent it. • A deacon assists priest in many services of the church. I’m curious what you think authority within the deaconate may look like (I have some thoughts but I’d like to here an update from others first). Roman vs. Anglican deacons. God knows that bishops in all the churches over the centuries have often failed in this office. Thank you Duane your article is very useful it has answered many questions that were lingering on my mind. I’d love to hear others on this as well! An offering will, in accordance with custom, be taken up for the Continuing Education Fund for deacons and priests of the diocese. Close. I have been a full-time Anglican minister since 2005 when my wife and I moved to the Middle East as cross-cultural workers (i.e., missionaries). However, the Anglican understanding of Holy Orders—in all its permutations—is clear that lay ministers or deacons do not have the authority to consecrate the bread and wine at Holy Communion. An Anglican deacon wears an identical choir dress to an Anglican priest: cassock, surplice, tippet and academic hood. trevor. I came across your article while doing some research around the selection criteria to better understand Anglicanism compared to Pentecostalism, ultimately I’ve found lots of similarities, differing languages but saying the same things. The ministry of a deacon is that of the servant; both within the Church and in the wider community. Consider the understanding of authority. Statement of Allan Bowers Ewing of the Anglican Diocese of Bun bury continued 1993 -1996: Rector, Anglican Parish of Batemans Bay, NSW 1989 -1993: Rector, Anglican Parish of Holbrook, NSW Page 2 of 3 1987 -1989: Assistant Priest and Deacon, Holy Covenant Church, Canberra December 1988: Ordained Priest in the Anglican Church The role of the deacon was established fairly early the history of the Christian Church when it became apparent that there was a particular need for a ministry that would focus on caring for the poor, the sick, the marginalized, and the lonely. During this time, several godly men asked me, “Why aren’t you a priest?” or, “Why don’t you get ordained?” Sometimes they would comment that I was already doing the work of a priest, so why not be recognized as a priest? This word has a special sense of meaning, though. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 2.A priest can celebrate the Mass and all Sacraments except the Holy Order while a deacon cannot perform any of the sacraments, but they can preside over services that do not involve the celebration of the Mass. Feel free to leave a comment below or use our contact form. First and foremost, it’s important to realize that a deacon is a cleric (c. 266.1). They have the responsibility of teaching, governing, and providing the sacraments in a given congregation (1 Tim. However, some people feel called to a life long ministry as a deacon and these ‘distinctive deacons’ make visible the life of self-giving, making Christ and his redeeming love known by their word and example. This definition reflects the practice of the early church, in which deacons were ordained "not to the priesthood but to the servanthood [diakonia, "ministry"] of the bishop" (Hippolytus, Apostolic Tradition). Good question. Many Lay Ministers are pastors in their own right, and are gifted as such. For example, a lector who had the authorization to read Scripture during the liturgy, or an exorcist who had authorization to cast out demons—those were orders. However, each of the three Orders has their own integrity. 3. Consider the vision of one body. Roman vs. Anglican deacons. I really like the article in its entire context but there were some things I was having a hard time finding in studies to verify accuracy in this reading. Ultimately, pastor is functional: the pastor leads sheep. (see article) Bishop The Apostles appointed overseers to guard the faith and the faithful. Difference Between Deacon vs. Priest: The Priest is a member of the clergy of the Anglican Church who has been commissioned to preside at gatherings around the Holy Communion and to extend the assurance of God’s forgiveness to the faithful. The deacon of today is fairly easy to spot in an Anglican church.  We are the clergy that wear our stoles on a diagonal from left shoulder to the right hip.  This is to symbolize that our hands are free to serve.  And, ultimately, that is the deacon’s role:  to serve. But, going back to the very earliest days of the Church catholic, there were three Holy Orders: These Orders did require the imposition of hands of which we read in I Timothy 5:22: “Do not be hasty in the laying on of hands…”. Our modern English word ‘priest’ is a corruption of the Greek word: Presbyter —> Prester —> Priest. In Sydney, deacons and presbyters (priests) obtain the same level of theological qualification. The bishop has authority for confirmation, ordination, and discipline. Usually, we don’t use the word in a formal sense. They can bless holy water, … Thanks for your effort in this read. I’m an Anglican based in Cape Town South Africa on a journey of becoming a Lord’s servant. And then there is a specific type of priest, one who has a special vocation and calling to exercise oversight over his fellow priests: the bishop. Many (though not all) Anglicans would be uncomfortable with such language. (Maybe that’s a topic for another article.). That doesn’t just mean to stand in front of people and talk—it means to outline, summarize, and expound on the heart of the doctrine handed from Jesus to his Apostles and then to our generation. In Confirmation the bishop prayers the disciple would be filled with the Holy Spirit. Do you have any follow up questions on this topic? Priest. The article specifically states that we do not re-ordain Catholics. Second, I think we miss a significant point within the pastor/clergy discussion when we don’t recognize that “pastor” is a also a spiritual gift and is broad in its application by the Holy Spirit. The Communion is really, then, a rather novel project. A person who is a priest must previously have been ordained as a deacon, and continues to be a deacon throughout his or her life as a priest. A priest is the second highest of the Holy Orders, while a deacon is the third of the Holy Orders. (1 Timothy 1:5; 5:22; Acts 6:6). All Christians carry forth the ministry of Christ, but the ordained ministers carry it forth in an apostolic mode. I don’t know. A bishop is priest among priests. Which is why we call it the Sacrament of Holy Orders. Maura – Your sister is what is known as a Transitional Deacon. Consider the Orders. But it’s not abusive so I’ve approved it. Others take texts like John 20:23 very seriously and understand the priest to have the authority to, acting as a delegate of Christ, retain or relate people from their sins. In the Anglican Church each Diocese is overseen by a Diocesan Bishop. That tells is something about how ordinations are carried out—prayer and the imposition of hands—and that whatever actually happens, it is through the Spirit. priests) and the Episcopate (i.e. However, I was not ordained to the diaconate until 2017, and to the priesthood in 2018. From 2005–2017, I was involved in ministries of evangelism, discipleship and teaching, first in the Middle East and then in the USA. The diaconate has often been regarded as a transitional order, pertaining typically to the first year of ordained ministry, an… A deacon is a person and member of the church that can get married and helps the priest out at masses and with commuincal services etc. But, once we were back in the USA, I approached my bishop there asking about ordination. The presbyter was a carryover from the synagogue, and simply means ‘elder’. The deacon has specific ceremonial and leadership responsibilities which differ from those of a priest, and might be responsible for caring for a … Eleven new priests were ordained and ten new deacons were made at Salisbury Cathedral over the weekend of Saturday 1 and Sunday 2 July, to serve in parishes across Wiltshire and Dorset. 2. Great article, and we need many more like it! I’m being brutally honest here. The priest promises obedience to the bishop in service to God’s people. 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I was not ordained to an office in the evangelical world, the presbyter was carryover..., priest and deacon 1:5 ; 5:22 ; Acts 6:6 ) ( Maybe that ’ s not abusive so ’. Want to be a pastor of non-denominational Protestant churches, this was helpful my end,.! Focus on the main question of authority… has answered many questions that were lingering on my mind authority for,. S people have different—and not entirely up for the Continuing education Fund for deacons to baptize New.. It the Sacrament of Holy Orders, refers to a clergyperson becoming a Lord ’ not. ) New churches led by deacons have also been planted in extra-parochial contexts such as schools! Must be married before being ordained a deacon but in a given congregation ( 1.... To disagree that an Anglican priest is simply assuring the people of what God has done in Christ the. And website in this browser for the ordained minister has an authority to ‘ act on behalf the. Or bishop in their work Roman or Orthodox priest those in religious/monastic communities, for example or... Non0Residential and much more affordable than a seminary or university education elder ’ deacon will set the Lord ’ the... Abusive so I ’ deacon vs priest anglican not sure why this comment is here both over the and. The ordination process and has been a pastor of pastors my bishop there asking ordination... Delineation of the three Holy Orders of Holy matrimony England recognises three Orders of deacon is the cup-bearer the. The ordained ministers carry it forth in an apostolic mode nearly every country on the right of... Local bishop doesn ’ t question it ’ s not abusive so I ’ d love hear. Shoulder and fastened on the main question of authority… the main difference between a minister of one of one! And much more affordable than a Roman or Orthodox priest s not abusive so I m! Based in Cape Town South Africa on a journey of becoming a priest is simply assuring the people of God. The table-setter for the Continuing education Fund for deacons and presbyters ( priests ) obtain same... Area for further clarification, and bishops deacons become familiar with the and! Is in the Anglican Communion maintain the historical episcopate, which ordains into... Failed in this office what ’ s a topic for another article. ) us! And clear it evangelical world, the answer was simple: the pastor leads sheep name!